New Jersey

New Jersey is located in the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern and Northeastern areas of the United States. It is bordered to the north and east with New York State; to the southeast and south by the Atlantic Ocean; to the west and southwest by Pennsylvania and Delaware Bay; and the southwest by Delaware Bay. New Jersey, which covers 7,354 sq. miles (19,050km2), is the fifth-smallest US state by land area. However, it is home to close to 9.3 million people and is the most populous. New Jersey’s capital is Trenton. All counties of the state, except Warren County, are located within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. Therefore, Greater New York is the state’s largest metropolitan region.

History

“New Jersey” was named in 1664 at the time of the conquest by the English from the Dutch. It was named in honor of Sir George Carteret, who had been governor of Jersey in the British Channel and to whom the Duke of York transferred the territory along with Lord Berkley.

The Dutch ruled the territory until 1664. Charles II transferred the entire territory to his brother, Duke of York, in March 1664. In July, Carteret and Berkley sold New Jersey. This tract was roughly three months before it was reduced by Colonel Nichols, a British Governor who had received land grants from Native Americans under Dutch control.

It is believed that the first settlement in New Jersey was built around 1620 at Bergen, a small village located a few miles west of New York. Fort Nassau, located five miles from Camden, was constructed in 1623 but abandoned shortly after. There were a few other settlements in the territory. However, the establishment of Elizabethtown in 1664 by Long Islanders is widely considered the beginning of colonization.

Philip Carteret was appointed governor by the owners in 1665. He made Elizabethtown his seat of government. He also brought with him a constitution to the colony. It enshrined a free assembly consisting of a governor, council, and representatives. Each town would elect the latter. The assembly, the governor, and the executive had the legislative power.

Emigrants from New England and New York were soon attracted to the territory by the liberal provisions of the constitution. Along with the fertility and salubrity climates, these laws encouraged them to establish settlements. These settlements were exempted from most of the sufferings and hardships the early colonies suffered for many years.

England captured new York in 1672 after war broke out between Holland and England. It was then brought back under the Dutch government. New Jersey and Delaware submitted as well. However, all submitted documents were returned to English the next year.

In 1674, Lord Berkley gave his half to John Fenwick in trust for Edward Billinge, his assigns, and it was recorded. Billinge was in debt and presented his interest in the Province to William Jones and other trustees appointed to dispose of the lands.

The province of New Jersey was split into East and West Jersey in 1676. Carteret, who retained East Jersey’s government, and Billinge trustees, West Jersey, were the beneficiaries of this division. Although he had given up his powers of government in selling the province to Berkley, Carteret, the Duke of York, unjustly claimed West Jersey, which he was a dependent of New York. These claims were made by Sir Edmund Andros, who was his governor in America. However, there was great discontent among the citizens and remonstrance from the citizens. The matter was referred to commissioners who ruled against the Duke. He then surrendered his claims to the owners in 1680.

Carteret was disgusted by the people and sold his right in East Jersey to William Penn and other individuals. Penn immediately sold half of the property to the Earl of Perth, his friends, and the Earl of Perth. Robert Barclay was the famous author of “The Apology for the Quakers” and was elected governor of East Jersey in the following year. New England annexed both New York and the Jerseys in 1688. “A government run by the owners of both Jerseys was becoming extremely unpopular with the residents. They became so upset for various reasons that the proprietors gave the government of East Jersey and West Jersey to King George III in 1702. This continued until William and Mary acceded to the throne in 1689.

Under Lord Cornbury, both provinces were merged into one and annexed by New York. The people were granted a House of Representatives with 24 members. However, the crown appointed the governor and council of twelve members.

The Governors of New York maintained the province from this point to 1738. However, in 1728, a request for New York’s separation was made, and Lewis Morris was elected royal governor.

Top Places to Visit

Boardwalk: The four-mile-long promenade, which runs along the coast of New Jersey, was built in 1870. It is home to the Steel Pier, one of its most famous tourist attractions. The carnival-style amusement park offers rides for all ages. It also features a huge observation wheel that gives riders incredible views of the city and ocean. Renting a bike, an electric tram, or a traditional rickshaw-like rolling chair are great alternatives to walking along the Boardwalk.

Cape May: Today’s tourists are drawn to the same things that attracted the first American Presidents, such as the endless beaches and Cape May Point Lighthouse (1859), a beautiful Victorian-style lighthouse.

Emlen Physick Estate is one of the finest examples of the former. This 18-room home, now a museum, is an excellent example of American Stick Style architecture. It offers a variety of harbor tours and whale-sighting cruises. The Yankee, an 80-foot tall schooner, is also worth a visit.

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area: The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area is located on New Jersey and Pennsylvania border. It includes a stunning 40-mile protected stretch along the Delaware River. The large recreation area can be accessed from many points. Two visitor centers are available in New Jersey for the New Jersey section.

Millbrook Village Historic Site is the first. It consists of a recreation of a 19th-century community with traditional crafts. The Kittatinny Point Visitors Center is equally fun to explore. It features many exhibits with stunning views and provides an entry point for the Appalachian Trail.

The Minisink Archaeological Site is another park highlight. Here remnants of a 10,000-year-old settlement were discovered, along with activities like canoeing and kayaking, swimming, camping, and fishing.

Battleship New Jersey: The US Navy’s most decorated ship, the USS New Jersey, is now a floating museum on the Delaware River. It is also one of America’s largest military vessels. Guided tours of this battleship of the Iowa-class, launched in 1942, are some of the highlights of a visit.

You’ll find many exhibits and displays throughout the ship that display artifacts related to the ship’s involvement in conflict zones, from WWII to the Middle East during the 1980s. You can also visit the bridge from Admiral Halsey led the Pacific Fleet, and view its 16-inch guns.

The Adventure Aquarium: The Adventure Aquarium on Camden’s Delaware River is another popular attraction for families in New Jersey. This two-million-gallon aquarium considered one of America’s best, houses more than 8,500 marine creatures, including penguins and sharks. It is also the only aquarium to have hippos.

If you’re looking for an amazing and diverse travel destination, consider visiting New Jersey. There’s something for everyone in this Garden State, from the bustling city of Newark to the peaceful beaches of Cape May. With so much to see and do, it’s no wonder New Jersey is a popular tourist spot. Don’t miss out on all that this great state has to offer – plan your trip today!

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